Adithyapuram is a small village in the holy Neela basin in Palakkad. It is an agraharam in real sense of the term- "a garland of the houses adoring the neck of the presiding deity".
Things happen either by design or by accident and Adithyapuram falls under the latter category. Every thing about Adithyapuram has happened by divine order and grace, it is unique in more respects than one. Its origin, the choice of the presiding deity, the special unusual but significant features of the Lord, all contribute to the uniqueness.
Over 700 years ago, some Sri Vaishnavite residents of the Narmada Basin, were forced to leave the place for reasons historical or social. They trekked down south from the kampa region to Kancheepuram. They settled down to normal life and began to ply their daily routine spiritual and social according to tradition. Time rolled on and history repeated itself. A considerable number of Kampa families found themselves on their feet again, in search of new pastures. Luck took them across the western ghats to the Neela Basin in Palakkad. Thirunellai and Pallipuram came into being. As the population of Pallipuram grew, two of friends from this village, chanced to come by a cool quiet spot a little to the east of pallipuram, amidst idyllic, serene surroundings. Without second thoughts, they decided to make it their home. Soon a few hutments sparng up into 2 rows. It was Adithyapuram rising up in the eastern horizon. The founding fathers named it as Adithyapuram for the simple reason that it lay to the east of Palli (Konda)puram. More hutments appeared.
Every family had according to custom, a Domestic worshipping ' unit (Deva Puja) for ' daily worship With increasing numbers a temple for common worship became a necessity. There is no substitute for a temple. That is the soul of the Agraharam. A lime and mortar shrine had already been built in anticipation. Only the Presiding Deity had to be found. The problem resolved, itself easily. The elderly founding father, had in his domestic` worshipping unit, a Panchaloha Idol of Navaneetha Gopalakrishna in the Kaliyamardhana posture. It got 'on the spot approval' from all. The Family Deity of the founding father became the Presiding Deity of the Agraharam .
A Krishna sila icon of dimensions approved by Agama Sastras was got sculptured from Tamil Nadu. When it arrived it was installed in the shrine at the head of the Agraharam. There it stands, to this day, with the Divine Lord in his baalaroopam (child form), enshrined in it without any change, forming the nucleus Garbagriha of the temple complex. The Presiding Deity was installed and consecrated according to the instructions' contained in the Vaikhanasa Agama Sastras - the founding fathers having chosen "the Vaikhanasa mode of worship in preference to the kancharathra mode. Daily worship festivals and festivities on special occasions were all instituted on they pattern obtaining in Tamil Nadu temples. They were all conducted by Vaikhanasa Acharyas. A Vaikhanasa Acharya Bhattacharya) hailing from Pannimadai was made the here ditary chief priest. He was assisted as and when necessary by two local Vedic scholars, one the Priest in charge of the Agraharam and the other the Sastri attached to the temple. Every temple ritual had a major vedic component associated with it Vedaparayanam on specified occasions was a must.
ADITHYAPURAM PROSPERS IN DIVINE GRACE
Ere long, ADITHYAPURAM became a tiny prospering Agraharam of 20 houses, all thatched, in two rows, flanking the temple on either side. There were five famlies the Naidrapa Kasyapa's the Baradwaja,s the Vadhoolas, and two srivatsas. The first tiled house was put up by the 'Ottupunai family, a family of Bankers. The others followed suit. When the village was expancing a vinayaka shrine was added mainly due to the efforts of a member of the vadhoola family. Their progeny continue to live in the Agraharam. The years following the fist World war saw the temple and the agraharam grow phenominally. The permanent flagstaff was installed in 1909. The new temple car was built in 1916. Further additions to the temple structures were made. The village tank was renovated. A few years later ADITHYAPURAM extension with the Vinayaka shrine, the Mangala Vinayaka Street, came into being. The main Temple had already become very popular, thanks to the Lord's divine grace that led to the efficient management by the trustees, the utmost sincerity of the priests and the devotees who came in search of this unique temple from far and wide.